urus

ūrus


Etymologie:

( ) (De bello gallico, 6, 28) erwähnt dieses germanische Wort, auf das deu. Auer(ochse) (Bos primigenius) zurückgeht, als Bezeichnung eines den Römern unbekannten Wildrinds:

Tertium est genus eorum, qui uri appellantur. Hi sunt magnitudine paulo infra elephantos, specie et colore et figura tauri. Magna vis eorum est et magna velocitas, neque homini neque ferae quam conspexerunt parcunt. Hos studiose foveis captos interficiunt. Hoc se labore durant adulescentes atque hoc genere venationis exercent, et qui plurimos ex his interfecerunt, relatis in publicum cornibus, quae sint testimonio, magnam ferunt laudem. Sed adsuescere ad homines et mansuefieri ne parvuli quidem excepti possunt. Amplitudo cornuum et figura et species multum a nostrorum boum cornibus differt. Haec studiose conquisita ab labris argento circumcludunt atque in amplissimis epulis pro poculis utuntur.

A third species consists of the ure-oxen so-called. In size these are somewhat smaller than elephants; in appearance, colour, and shape they are as bulls. Great is their strength and great their speed, and they spare neither man nor beast once sighted. These the Germans slay zealously, by taking them in pits; by such work the young men harden themselves and by this kind of hunting train themselves, and those who have slain most of them bring the horns with them to a public place for a testimony thereof, and win great renown. But even if they are caught very young, the animals cannot be tamed or accustomed to human beings. In bulk, shape, and appearance their horns are very different from the horns of our own oxen. The natives collect them zealously and encase the edges with silver, and then at their grandest banquets use them as drinking-cups. 


Morphologie:
Phonetik:
Rezente Entsprechung:

Kognaten des latinisierten ūrus (vgl. z.B. ita. uro; Treccani s.v. ) sind rein bildungssprachlicher Natur, da das Tier schon in der Antike im Römischen Reich nicht mehr vorkam.

Gaius Iulius Caesar: The Gallic War. Translated by H. J. Edwards, Loeb ClassicaL Library. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press.
Georges, Karl Ernst (1913): Ausführliches lateinisch-deutsches Handwörterbuch, 8. Aufl.. Hannover. http://www.zeno.org/Georges-1913.

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